The Circulation of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

Throughout Europe, the chief means of dissiminating practical hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the published papers and illustrated publications of the time, which added to the advancement of scientific innovation. An unnamed French water fountain designer came to be an globally celebrated hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. With Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, building experience in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and clever water hydraulics. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written towards the end of his life in France, became the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic developments were elaborated as well as updates to key classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs in the book. Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, had his work featured and these included a mechanized means to move water. A pair of hidden containers heated up by sunlight in an area next to the decorative water feature were presented in an illustration. The end result: the water fountain is triggered by the heated liquid expanding and rising see this up the conduits. The publication furthermore covers garden ponds, water wheels, water feature designs.

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